Unit 8

1. Mutations

1.1 Types of Mutations

1.1.1 Causes of Mutations

1.1.2 Stem Cells

2 Regulation of Transcription and Translation

2.1 Transcription Factors

2.2 RNA Interference

3 Epigenetic Changes

3.1 Cancer

3.2 Proto-Oncogenes and Oncogenes

3.3 Tumour Suppressor Genes

4 Genetic Sequencing Projects

4.1 Human Genome Project

5. Recombinant DNA Technology

5.1 Reverse Transcriptaese

5.2 Restriction Endonucleases

5.3 In Vivo Gene Cloning 

5.4 In Vitro Gene Cloning

5.5 Gene Markers

5.6 Gene Therapy and SCID

6 Gene Technologies

6.1 Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

6.2 DNA Probes

6.3 Genetic Fingerprinting

6.4 Gel Electrophoresis