Unit 1

Contents

1. Monomers and polymers

1.1 Carbohydrates

1.1.1 ​Monosaccharides

1.1.2 Disaccharides

1.1.3 Polysaccharides

1.1.4 Glycogen

1.1.5 Starch

1.1.6 Cellullose

1.1.7 Biochemical test for reducing and non-reducing sugars - Benedicts' solution

1.1.8 Biochemical test for starch

1.2 Lipids

1.2.1 Triglycerides

1.2.2 Phospholipids

1.2.3 Biochemical test for lipids - The Emulsion Test

1.3 Proteins

1.3.1 Structure of proteins

1.3.2 Biochemical test for proteins - Biuret Test

1.4 DNA

1.4.1 Structure of DNA

1.4.2 Structure of RNA

1.4.3 DNA Replication

1.5 Other Biological Molecules

1.5.1 Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

1.5.2 Water

1.5.3 Inorganic Ions

2 Enzymes

2.1 Models of Enzyme Action

2.1.1 Induced Fit Model

2.1.2 Lock and Key Model

2.1.3 Factors affecting enzyme action

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